JACME supports the following initiatives:
- (1) The establishment and review of medical education evaluation criteria.
- (2) The evaluation of medical education programs.
- (3) Education initiatives designed to enhance and improve medical education programs.
- (4) Studies and research to enhance and improve medical education programs.
- (5) The publication of official journals and academic books relating to medical education programs.
- (6) Collaborations with domestic and foreign organizations; the collection of information about the evaluation of medical education in foreign countries.
- (7) Other activities necessary to achieve the objectives of JACME
JACME evaluates medical schools primarily for two purposes:
- (1) To ensure that medical schools provide high quality education to benefit society, through the comprehensive evaluation of medical school programs, carried out using evaluation criteria determined by JACME.
- (2) To help improve medical education by encouraging medical schools to develop and implement improvement plans based on JACME evaluation results.
■JACME’s accreditation of medical schools must fulfill the following objectives:
- (1) Evaluate medical schools using internationally accepted criteria.
- (2) Promote internal quality assurance procedures carried out by individual medical schools.
- (3) Implement objective and external quality assurance procedures.
- (4) Endorse improvements in the medical education offered by medical schools.
- (5) Evaluate improvements.
- (6) Conduct peer review.
■Process of accreditation:
- (1) Self-inspection and evaluation by individual medical schools
A medical school due to be evaluated by JACME should perform a self-inspection in advance, using criteria determined by JACME; the school should present a self-inspection report (including a set of supporting documents) to JACME by the designated date.
- (2) Examination of documents
JACME’s evaluation committee will review the self-inspection report and supporting information and, if necessary, ask questions and request additional information from the medical school.
- (3) Site visit
JACME evaluation committee members visit the medical school for a 5-day exploratory investigation. During this site visit, the committee members hold discussions on the different areas in the evaluation standards, and observe lectures and practical sessions, conduct inspections of lecture rooms, practice rooms, libraries, and simulation facilities and other facilities. They interview students, residents, junior faculty members, and others.
- (4) Making a final report
A draft investigation report is sent later to the medical school for factual confirmation.
- (5) Appeals
If the medical school believes there is an error, the medical school can send a written appeal. The Appeal Review Committee will examine the appeal.
- (6) Accreditation
JACME will solicit comments from the evaluated medical school and prepare a final report. The final report and accreditation (effective for 7 years), are confirmed by the Board. The report is disclosed to the school.
- (7) Continuous improvement
The medical school should develop an improvement plan in response to JACME’s final report and post its implementation status on its website.
Medical schools are requested to continuously improve their medical education programs through regular self-evaluation, while also consulting JACME’s final report to prepare for the next accreditation.